Change management is defined as the application of a well structured process and a set of tools used to lead people to achieve set goals. Change management is the heart of every organization and without it no business will ever survive. It emphasizes the steps of performance and leadership in all levels of an organization which includes the executives, seniors managers, middle managers, etc. When change management is done perfectly, workers and the organization will feel that they are all engaged in the changing process of the organization which will drive them into achieving the objectives of the business.
Theories Of Change Management to Follow
Classical Management Theory
Classical management is the first management structure which was developed in the industrial revolution era. As entities were expanding, business owners were needed to hire more workers, but many of them were unskilled in this line of trade and even most of them could not speak in English. So there was need to develop a method which could be used to train these workers hence the emergence of the classical management theory.
This type of management deals with the work itself. All of the classical managers gave out a procedure which they need to be followed step by step. This is a macro managerial style, the head of an organization tells the employees what they are supposed to do and how they should do it.
Critics argue that this method de humanized individual. Instead of treating them like people, the theory treats them more like machines which are designed to complete a particular assignment in a given time.
Classical theory emphasize on the universal principles of management, if followed it would definitely drive you to success. The principle composes of two main areas:
1. Identifying the business functions
2. Structuring the organization and managing workers
The truth is that classical management theory considers management to be a process which consists of numerous processes with related duties, like planning and also organizing. Meaning, identifying of the business functions includes finance, marketing, production. Remember that this theory states that an entity can divide itself into departments which will work as different units but achieve a specific objective. In addition to that structuring the chains of authority will facilitate the performance of departments which will trigger the success of the organization.
This theory focus mainly on specific situational factors which can affect the relationship between dependent and independent variables. It emphasize that there is no science which can explain organizational behavior hence it affect the productivity of the business.
Most companies have embrace this type of disciple of the organization behavior the main reason is that it helps them to learn and understand the workers in their working environment. This method can be used to manage, assess and also predict the behaviors of the workers, it helps the organization to come up with away to improve and motivate the employees. Remember that there are also situational factors which may affect the organizational study of behavior.
This theory explains that there are specific factors which affects independent and dependent variables in the process of studying the organizational behavior. The x and y factors, independent variable(x) ,these are the main causes in change of the dependent variable and the dependent variables(y), these are the response affected by independent variables.
It further states that there will never be one best way of doing something or solving the problems of employee.
For instance saying that this method worked for me to solve the issue of striking workers let me use it to solve the issue of the machine failure’’ it will never work. It only works depending on the situation you are in. Remember that businesses need to use the trial and error method to see which method will best suit the situation.
Leadership and motivation are some of the examples of the independent variables in contingency theory on the other hand absenteeism, productivity and turnovers are examples of dependent variables.
Human Relation Theory
This theory was developed in the late 1920’s in the era of industrial revolution by Professor Elton Mayo in is study of Hawthorne, which was to prove the importance of worker in production and not the machines. During this period productivity was the only focus of every business.
The human relation management theory state that most workers desire to be on the team which facilitate development and growth of the organization, rather than just being in the organization. If an employee is given attention and also gets encouragement to be participating decision making, they will perceive their work to be important, and this will motivate them to be productive which will result into high quality. The list below show how human relation management theory helps in organizational development:
• It improve cohesiveness in workers and organization
• It improve the standard of the production
• It limits workers, organization disputes
• It improves the working environment
Understanding the Relation Theory
According to Elton’s Hawthorne studies it states clearly that relationship is the main factor which influence productivity of an organization. The studies indicate that productivity increased because of relationship and being a member of a supportive organization where workers are employed have an impact on the teams output. It was also noticed that giving the workers attention and motivation increased production immensely.
The result of this theory show that workers want to feel like they belong to the organization and the impact that they have made should be appreciated even if they are not promoted but they want to feel they own the business.
Note: make sure that you treat your employee with value and respect and you will notice how their individual quality and productivity increase to develop the business.
Do you want to see your business move to the next level? Or do you want to beat all of your competitor? The truth is in front of you follow any of this theory or rather follow all of them and you will witness how you business move from height to height and even become the best in the world.
Chris is the Lead Author & Editor of Change Blog. Chris established the Change blog to create a source for news and discussion about some of the issues, challenges, news, and ideas relating to Change Management.